Genes, cigarette smoking, alcohol use, or drug use during pregnancy, exposure to environmental toxins, such as high level of lead, at a young age, low birth weight and brain injuries are a small number of factors that may contribute to ADHD or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder according to several Institutes of Mental Health in USA.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a mental disorder characterized by problems paying attention, excessive activity, or difficulty controlling behavior which is not appropriate for a person’s age.
It’s more common in boys than in girls, approximately three times more often. It’s usually discovered during the early school years, when a child begins to have problems paying attention, it is hyperactive and unable to control their impulses. Despite all of that, many children with ADHD have a good attention span for tasks they find interesting. But, it’s very important to know that sugar, watching too much TV, a poor home life, poor schools, or food allergies, don’t cause ADHD.
There are 3 main disorders at a child impulsivity, hyperactivity or inattention. The first one is characterized with trouble waiting for his or her turn, blurts out answers or interrupts others. While hyperactive children, don’t stay seated, have trouble playing quietly, they are always moving, and always talk excessively. The children that are easily distracted and don’t follow directions or finish tasks, are the ones with inattention disorder. They also don’t appear to be listening, don’t pay attention and make mistakes without having to worry about it, don’t like to do things that require sitting still, often lose things and tend to daydream.
As we mentioned before Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) affects children and teens, but it can continue into adulthood. Adults with ADHD may have trouble managing time, being organized, setting goals, and holding down a job. They may also have problems with relationships, self-esteem, and addiction.
The symptoms of ADHD may change as a person gets older. Chronic lateness and forgetfulness, anxiety, low self-esteem, problems at work, trouble controlling anger, impulsiveness, substance abuse or addiction, unorganized, easily frustrated, chronic boredom, trouble concentrating when reading, mood swings, depression, relationship problems and so on…
ADHD can’t be prevented or cured. But spotting it early, plus having a good treatment and education plan, can help a child or adult with ADHD manage their symptoms.